BDVA response to the public consultation on Data Sharing in the EU - Common Data Spaces
BDVA welcomes and supports the objectives described in the Inception Impact Assessment, focusing on the development of a framework for the governance of common European data spaces that i) make more data available, ii) make more data usable and iii) provide an environment (infrastructure) that allows for frictionless and secure data sharing.
BDVA supports further research and experimentation on the utilisation of data, AI technologies and data-driven innovation for the good of business and society via a smart mix of technical, legal, ethical and business methods. An experimental research approach is needed to identify the factors for success or failure, e.g. the technology, the nature of data and of stakeholders, the objectives assigned to the governance mechanism, and the legal framework.. It is only against this background that room for further legislative initiatives (e.g. in the Data Act) can be identified.
The nine BDV PPP research and innovation projects funded under ICT13a(Industrial and Personal Data Platforms) are already providing valuable insights across a diverse set of domains on how to address many of the issues mentioned in this initiative that are holding the EU back from realising its data potential: availability of data, data interoperability and quality, data governance, data infrastructures and technologies, empowering individuals, data literacy and cybersecurity. Additionally, the federation of Data-Driven Innovation Hubs and the new generation of European Data incubators (funded under DT-ICT-05) have as their overarching objective the mobilisation, use and sharing of data between sectors and borders, providing different governance frameworks to align needs coming from different sides (offer / demand) and moving towards a Common European Data Space.
Overall BDVA suggests two practical policies that could translate into high impact data sharing activities:
- Policies that create the conditions for the development of a trusted European data sharing framework, in order to enrol a critical mass of stakeholders to engage in pan-European data sharing, including all Member States to encourage showcasing evidence-based benefits for business, government, science and individuals alike;
- Policies that provide supportive measures for European businesses to safely embrace new technologies and practices, supported with data sharing facilities and environments where new business and innovation models can be safely tested. Therefore the EU should focus on a digital sovereign infrastructure in which a level playing field for both non-European and European (data sharing) platforms is created. Existing mechanisms such as the network of European Digital Innovation Hubs (DIH) (in particular the Big Data Innovation Hubs network to be implemented by the EUHubs4Data project) and the BDVA i-Spaces should be leveraged by industry for safe experimentation and validation under recognised labels. In addition, new mechanisms and instruments like European-wide Regulatory Sandboxes need to be made available as flexible experimental facilities to incentivise and de-risk the exploration and testing of new business and innovation models enabled by disruptive data sharing technology.
Considering the four main areas of intervention/four main objectives laid down in the Commission document BDVA has significant feedback to two of them:
- Lower the costs of the use of data through interoperability at the technical level and availability of generic enabling standards
- Lower the costs of data sharing by supporting an emerging offer of data intermediaries
Find here the full response of BDVA to the consultation.